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Flag of Ontario

Capital City


Largest City


Largest Metro Area

Greater Toronto Area


Kathleen Wynne

Area (km²)

1,076,395 km2


13,505,900 (2012)

Official Language(s)



Map of Ontario with the four regions color-coded

Ontario is a province located in the Central part of Canada, and is largest by population and the second largest Province, next to Quebec, in size. It is bordered by the provinces Manitoba in the west and Quebec in the east, and the American states of New York, Minnesota and Michigan. Ontario is also the only Province to border the Great Lakes: Lake Superior, Lake Huron, Lake Ontario and Lake Erie.

Ontario was one of the four original provinces, along with Quebec, New Brunswick and Nova Scotia, to be formed on July 1st, 1867, by the British North American Act. The capital of Ontario is Toronto, the most populous city in Canada, with a metropolitan population of almost 6 million people. Ottawa, the capital of Canada, is also located in Ontario.

The Province takes its name from Lake Ontario, a Huron word meaning 'Great Lake'.

Motto: Ut incepit fidelis, sic manet. - She began loyal, she remains loyal.


500px-Flag of Ontario.svg
Ontario is located in Central Canada, bordered by the Great Lakes, Hudson Bay and James Bay. It is bordered to the East by Quebec and to the West by Manitoba. It also shares borders with the U.S. states of Minnesota, New York and Michigan.

The province consists of four main geographical regions:

  • The thinly populated Canadian Shield in the northwestern and the central portions which covers over half the land area in the province, though mostly infertile land, it is rich in minerals and studded with lakes and rivers; sub-regions are Northwestern Ontario and Northeastern Ontario.
  • The virtually unpopulated Hudson Bay Lowlands in the extreme north and northeast, mainly swampy and sparsely forested; and
  • The temperate, and therefore most populous region, fertile Great Lakes-Saint Lawrence Valley in the south where agriculture and industry are concentrated. Southern Ontario is further sub-divided into four regions; Southwestern Ontario (parts of which were formerly referred to as Western Ontario), Golden Horseshoe, Central Ontario (although not actually the province's geographic centre) and Eastern Ontario.
Template:Icon Category:Ontario - Template:Icon Portal:Ontario · Template:Icon

Cities and Towns

Cities of 500,000+ people

Cities of 100,000-499,999 people

Golden Horseshoe

Western Ontario

Eastern Ontario

Northern Ontario

Cities and Towns of 20,000-99,999 people

Golden Horseshoe

Western Ontario

Eastern Ontario

Northern Ontario

Other Major Towns

Golden Horseshoe

Western Ontario

Eastern Ontario

Northern Ontario

Census Divisions




Ontario has (2015 election) 121 seats out of 338 in Parliament.

External links

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