Sparsely populated Northern Ontario mostly lacks local government, instead using provincially-contracted local services boards to provide services. The exception is larger centres, which have unitary authorities. Although Northern Ontario can be divided into districts, these divisions are used only for census purposes.

Unitary authority ("Single-tier") configuration

This style of local government is found in two contexts:

  • The result of a provincially-mandated merger of a county with its constituent municipalities.
  • An independent city, in Southern Ontario formed by leaving the county.

Result of merger

Independent cities in Southern Ontario, and their former counties

Independent cities in Northern Ontario

Template:Col-breakAlgoma District (Sault Ste. Marie) Cochrane District (Cochrane) Kenora District (Kenora) Template:Col-breakManitoulin District (Gore Bay) Nipissing District (North Bay) Parry Sound District (Parry Sound) Rainy River District (Fort Frances) Template:Col-breakSudbury District (Espanola) Thunder Bay District (Thunder Bay) Timiskaming District (Haileybury) Template:Col-end

Two-level ("Upper- and lower-tier") configuration

Regional municipalities and constituents

Template:Col-breakDurham (Whitby) Halton (Milton) Template:Col-breakMuskoka District (Bracebridge) Niagara (Thorold) Template:Col-breakOxford County (Woodstock) Peel (Brampton) Template:Col-breakWaterloo (Kitchener) York (Newmarket) Template:Col-end

Counties and constituents

Template:Col-breakBruce County (Walkerton) Dufferin County (Orangeville) Elgin County (St. Thomas) Essex County (Windsor) Frontenac County (Kingston) Grey County (Owen Sound) Haliburton County (Minden) Template:Col-breakHastings County (Belleville) Huron County (Goderich) Lambton County (Sarnia) Lanark County (Perth) Leeds and Grenville United Counties (Brockville) Template:Col-breakLennox and Addington County (Greater Napanee) Middlesex County (London) Northumberland County (Cobourg) Perth County (Stratford) Peterborough County (Peterborough) Prescott and Russell United Counties (L'Orignal) Template:Col-breakRenfrew County (Pembroke) Simcoe County (Barrie) Stormont, Dundas and Glengarry United Counties (Cornwall) Wellington County (Guelph) Template:Col-end



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