Anciennement un village des Iroquois, Hochelaga, visité en 1542 par Jacques Cartier. Plus tard la Mission de Ville-Marie. La place centrale s'appelle encore Ville-Marie. La langue principale s'appelle le Joual.
La ville tire son nom du Mont Royal, nom donné par Cartier.
CIVM (Tele Quebec)
Montréal is the largest city in the French-speaking province of Québec, and the second largest city in Canada just behind Toronto, Ontario. The official language is French. Montréal is located 540 km(330 miles) northwest of Toronto, 253 km(150 miles) southeast of Quebec City, Quebec and 200 km(120 miles) northeast of Ottawa.
Montréal was originally a Huron village of about 1000 people called Hochelaga.
Montreal was established in 1642 as Ville-Marie, and constituted in 2002. It was the capital of the Province of Canada from 1843, to 1849.
Jazz, a style of American music birthed in New Orleans around the turn of the 20th century, migrated north to Montréal, hometown of global jazz icon Oscar Peterson, Maynard Ferguson and Oliver Jones. Montréal became home to countless jazz nightclubs such as the famous Rockhead’s Paradise, a three-storey show bar located on the corner of de la Montagne and Saint-Antoine Streets. Founded by Rufus Rockhead in 1928, Rockhead’s Paradise was where Louis Armstrong went after performing at the Montréal Forum or uptown clubs, and it was where Ella Fitzgerald made her Montréal début in 1943.
During the Roaring Twenties, Montréal was home to one of the hottest jazz scenes on the planet, a wide-open scene fueled by American Prohibition, which lasted from 1920 to 1933. Montréal was one of the few places in North America where you could still buy alcohol legally. The city’s unofficial theme song was the 1928 Irving Berlin Co. chart topper “Hello Montréal!”, which summed up the sentiments of thirsty tourists: “Goodbye Broadway, hello Montréal / I’m on my way, I’m on my way / And I’ll make whoop-whoop whoopee night and day!”
American jazz musicians flocked to Montréal, notably between the two world wars when Montréal’s Little Burgundy neighbourhood was dubbed the “Harlem of the North.” Montréal quickly became the nightclub capital of Canada, and her fabled Sin-City era would continue well into the 1950s. During Montréal’s golden age of jazz, everybody from Dizzy Gillespie to Duke Ellington made their way to the city. Even Frank Sinatra headlined Chez Paree on Stanley Street during a residency there in 1953.
Today, Montréal remains a hotbed of jazz. The city is home to the world’s largest jazz festival as well as live music in the city’s swinging jazz clubs seven nights a week.
- Festival International de Jazz de Montréal
The arrival of the Festival International de Jazz de Montréal in 1980 signaled a new era of Montréal jazz. Many jazz clubs have opened since and are especially busy during the festival. Each year the ten-day jazz festival books some of the biggest acts in the music business, showcasing some 3,000 musicians from 30 countries headlining 500 indoor and outdoor concerts – ticketed and free – on 20 stages. The Festival International de Jazz de Montréal is the world’s largest according to Guinness World Records, and each year begins during the last week of June.
In June 2013, Michael Applebaum, the 1st English-speaking (origin) mayor for 100 years was arrested on suspicion of corruption, endemic in Montréal. He remains on bail.
In November 2013, Denis Coderre, an ex-Federal Liberal MP, was elected mayor. His party is called L'équipe Coderre.
Montreal hosted the 1976 Summer Olympics.
L'équipe plus populaire de la province, c'est les Canadiens de Montréal. NHL. Beaten in the 1st round, 2013, by the Senators of Ottawa (beaten in the 2d round!).
Football canadien: Les Alouettes de Montréal. Sadly they were knocked out in the 1st round of the 2013 play-offs by Hamilton TC.
In 2015 they failed to qualify.
Montreal is served by Quebec Autoroute 20 providing transit to Toronto, Ontario and Quebec. It is also served by Autoroute 10 and Autoroute 15 the latter of which provides transit to the U.S where it becomes I-87 and heads south/sud into New York City, U.S.A plus the Trans-Canada Highway which provides transportation to Ottawa, Quebec, Toronto, Ontario,Winnipeg, Manitoba,Calgary, Alberta and Vancouver, British Columbia.
The subway system is the third buisiest in North America after New York City, U.S.A and Chicago, U.S.A.